Sleep Apnoea & Snoring
Snoring and sleep apnoea are conditions to take very seriously because they can lead to other major health consequences. We provide effective treatment for many cases of sleep apnoea and severe snoring to help you improve your health.
Sleep apnoea is defined as a condition that causes you to experience frequent and recurring shortness of breath while sleeping. It can be caused by the individual’s throat becoming overly relaxed while sleeping which blocks the airways and prevents normal breathing. This is referred to as obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA).
This type of sleep apnoea occurs when the back of the throat muscles relax. These muscles support the soft palate, the triangular portion of tissue called the uvula that hangs from the soft palate, the tonsils, the side walls of the throat, and the tongue.
When muscles relax, the airway narrows or closes during inhalation. You cannot get enough air, which can drop your blood oxygen level. Your brain detects that you are unable to breathe and briefly awakens you in order to reopen your airway. This awakening is typically so brief that it is forgotten.
Signs of sleep apnoea include poor sleeping habits, frequent sore throats, recurring headaches, and a general inability to get a restful night’s sleep.
We’re concerned about the overall health of our patients, including their sleep health. Many people suffer needlessly from dangerous sleep disruptive disorders that keep them from getting enough oxygen at night. The risk of a heart attack is 23 times more likely than average with a sleep disorder, and 92% of stroke victims live unknowingly with this condition before an attack. Our training allows us to offer you education and treatment surrounding sleep health in the simplest and most cost-effective way possible.
Snoring is the raspy or loud sound produced when air rushes through relaxed throat tissues, causing them to vibrate while you breathe. Almost everyone snores occasionally, but for some, it can be a persistent issue. Occasionally, it may also signal a significant health condition.
Snoring is frequently related to obstructive sleep apnoea, a sleep disease (OSA). If snoring is accompanied by any of the following symptoms, it may be necessary to contact our office for further examination:
- Observed sleep breathing pauses
- Excessive daytime sleepiness
- Having trouble concentrating
- Morning headaches
- Sore throat
- Restless sleep
- Night-time gasping or choking
- Elevated blood pressure
- Chest discomfort at night
What is sleep apnoea?
Sleep apnoea is a sleep disorder where breathing repeatedly starts and stops. The lapses in breathing result in lower quality sleep and affects the body’s oxygen supply, which can result in serious health consequences. There are three main types of sleep apnoea:
- Obstructive sleep apnoea. This is the most common form of sleep apnoea and is caused by a person’s throat becoming overly relaxed while sleeping, blocking the airways and preventing normal breathing.
- Central sleep apnoea. This occurs when your brain fails to submit signals to your breathing muscles, resulting in not breathing for a short period of time. This is a rare form of sleep apnoea.
- Complex sleep apnoea syndrome. Also known as treatment-emergent central sleep apnoea occurs when someone has both obstructive sleep apnoea and central sleep apnoea.
This condition is normally associated with loud, intense snoring, but just because a person snores doesn’t mean they have sleep apnoea. It can be caused by being overweight, excessive alcohol consumption or drug use can cause the airways to become more relaxed and cause blockages, and it can also be caused by genetics. People with a family history of sleep apnoea are more likely to suffer from the condition. It can affect children and adults and people of both sexes, although it is more common in men.
How is sleep apnoea diagnosed?
Sleep apnoea is typically diagnosed using a polysomnogram, also known as a sleep study. This can be done at home or at a sleep disorder centre. The test records activities that occur while you sleep, including: brain activity, breathing, and oxygen levels. It also measures how long you spend in each sleep stage, how frequently you wake up, if you stop breathing, if you snore, and body position.
After the sleep study, a specialist goes over the data from your test. They analyse your brain activity and body system functioning to diagnose if a sleep disorder is present and recommend treatment.
If recommended, a dentist trained in sleep medicine works with the specialist to treat obstructive sleep apnoea with oral appliance therapy. Our office can provide you with a sleep apnoea oral appliance, just contact us for a consultation.
What are common sleep apnoea symptoms?
The most common symptoms of sleep apnoea are listed below. Just because you have one, or a few of these, doesn’t mean you have sleep apnoea. Check with your doctor to be certain.
- Very loud snoring
- Sleepiness and loss of energy when awake
- Painful headaches
- Restless sleep
- Insomnia and recurrent awakenings
- Waking up with a dry or sore throat
- Waking up in the night with gasping or choking sensations
- Sudden mood changes
- Poor concentration
- Going to the bathroom frequently at night
How is sleep apnoea treated?
Treatment of snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea may involve surgery, CPAP or BiPAP machines, or oral appliance therapy. Oral appliances provide the least invasive option and are often a good choice for the treatment of mild to moderate OSA. A carefully calibrated appliance can comfortably help hold the jaw in a precise position throughout the night, allowing critical oxygen flow.
All treatment recommendations should be made in consultation with your sleep physician. Once a treatment path that you can use consistently is chosen, we may be able to provide critical support for your efforts. If appliance therapy is selected, it’s essential the right method and positioning are designed to precisely maintain your airway.
If you have more questions about sleep apnoea or snoring, please contact our office and we will be happy to discuss further.